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Presidents Day Our Favorite Presidents :Abraham Lincoln

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Presidents Day Our Favorite Presidents :Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln became the United States’ 16th President in 1861, issuing the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy in 1863.

Lincoln warned the South in his Inaugural Address: “In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you…. You have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect and defend it.”

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Lincoln’s Birthday

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February 12,2018

the staff of the Ridgewood blog

 

Ridgewood NJ, Abraham Lincoln was born in Hardin County, Kentucky, on February 12 in 1809. He lived for a time in Indiana before moving to Illinois. He worked on a farm, split rails for fences, worked in a store, was a captain in the Black Hawk War, and worked as a lawyer. He married Mary Todd and together they had four boys, only one of whom lived to maturity.

Lincoln began his political career at the age of 23 in 1832 when he ran an unsuccessful campaign for the Illinois General Assembly, as a Whig Party member. He joined the newly formed Republican Party in 1854 and was nationally recognized during the 1858 debates with Stephen Douglas despite Douglas’ win in the race for US Senator. Lincoln won the presidency in 1860 and, despite being a Republican, rallied most of the northern Democrats to the Union case during the Civil War (1861-65).

Lincoln was known as the Great Emancipator, the Rail Splitter and Honest Abe. He was the president throughout the American Civil War and is known for his struggle to preserve the Union and the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation. John Wilkes Booth assassinated Lincoln at Ford’s Theatre in Washington DC on Good Friday, April 14, 1865. The assassination occurred less than two weeks after the Confederacy surrendered at Appomattox Court House in 1865.

It has been recorded that Lincoln’s Birthday was first celebrated as a holiday in 1866, one year after his death. Many states have a joint holiday to honor both Lincoln and George Washington, sometimes calling it Presidents’ Day.

 

 

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Did you know that Lincoln was shot on Good Friday?

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Good Friday a good day for Republicans to stay away from the theater

April 14th 2017

the staff of the Ridgewood blog

Ridgewood NJ, on this day in 1865, Abraham Lincoln is shot by an assassin , John Wilkes Booth.  Lincoln was shot on Good Friday. April 14 was Good Friday that year, just as it is this year.Unfortunately, as we all know, Lincoln would pass away the next day.

The President had decided to spend his Good Friday evening at a comedy at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. It had been only 5 days since General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant, effectively bringing the Civil War to a close. As the President watched the show from his box, an assassin burst through the door and shot Lincoln in the back of the head. The assassin, John Wilkes Booth, then dropped his pistol and began waving a dagger in the air.

Another occupant of the box, Major Henry R. Rathbone, lunged for Booth and forced him toward the railing. Booth slashed Rathbone in the arm and leapt from the box shouting “Sic semper Tyrannis! The South is avenged!” His boot caught on a flag as he jumped, and his leg was broken when he landed. Despite his injury, Booth managed to flee the scene.

In the meantime, a doctor in the audience had made it upstairs to Lincoln’s box. The bullet had lodged behind the President’s right eye. Lincoln was carried, barely breathing, across the street to a boardinghouse. Lincoln passed away at 7:22 a.m. the nest day.

Booth had co-conspirators who were trying to assassinate other members of Lincoln’s administration. One accomplice, Lewis Powell (a.k.a. Lewis Payne), attacked the Secretary of State, William Henry Seward, on the same night that Lincoln was shot. Through luck Seward survived .

Booth and his co-conspirators also intended to kill Vice President Andrew Johnson and General Ulysses S. Grant. Grant however changed his mind about attending Ford’s Theatre with the President that night.

In the end, four of Booth’s co-conspirators were captured, convicted, and hung.. One of them, Mary Surratt, became the first woman to be executed by the U.S. government. A few others were imprisoned for their involvement and Booth was discovered hiding in a barn in Virginia two weeks after he assassinated Lincoln, and mortally wounded during the attempt to capture him. It was the first time in American history, a President had been assassinated.

 

 

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VILLAGE OF RIDGEWOOD OFFICES – CLOSED FEBRUARY 13TH AND FEBRUARY 20TH 2017

Abraham_Lincoln_head_on_shoulders_photo_portrait

February 11,2017

the staff of the Ridgewood blog

Ridgewood NJ, All Village offices will be closed on February 13, 2017, in observance of Lincoln’s Birthday and on February 20, 2017, in observance of Presidents’ Day.  There will be no garbage or recycling pickups on these days and the Recycling Center will also be closed.  All Village offices will open the day after these holidays, at 8:30 a.m.

Abraham Lincoln was born February 12, 1809 died April 15, 1865. Abraham Lincoln was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.Republican Lincoln led the United States through its Civil War—its bloodiest war and perhaps its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. In doing so, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy.

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Celebrating the Presidents on Presidents Day

Lincoln

February 15,2016
the staff of the Ridgewood blog

Ridgewood NJ, Presidents Day is celebrated on the third Monday in February each year, it is considered a day to recognize all presidents, past and present. Traditionaly it a celebration of certain key presidents, such as George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.

Presidents Day began as an unofficial holiday on George Washington’s Feb. 22 birthday in 1800, just two months after his death but it didn’t become a federal holiday until 1879, when then President Rutherford B. Hayes signed it into law. Presidents Day became a national bank holiday six years later .Presidents day was the first bank holiday to celebrate an individual and it joined other bank holidays ; Christmas, New Year’s, Independence Day and Thanksgiving.

In 1971 that the Uniform Monday Holiday Act  was enacted, to create more three-day weekends for workers and moved the day of observance to the third Monday in February.The act also combined Washington’s birthday with Abraham Lincoln’s (Feb. 12).

Lincoln’s actual birthday is still a state holiday in Illinois, and U.S. government itself still calls the third Monday in February Washington’s Birthday. Interesting side note both William Henry Harrison and Ronald Reagan were also born in February.

The Village of Ridgewood plays it safe by closing the Village Hall and all Village Departments on February 12th and February 15th in observance of Lincoln’s Birthday and then Presidents’ Day.

 

Some of the Ridgewood blog’s Favorite Presidents

George Washington was a leader of the Continental Army in the American Revolution, and was the first to become U.S. president. Called the Father of the Country and the English Empire’s Greatest Enemy.

Abraham Lincoln became the United States’ 16th President in 1861, issuing the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy in 1863.First tried to preserve the Union , later won the Civil war.

As America’s 30th President (1923-1929), Calvin Coolidge demonstrated his determination to preserve the old moral and economic precepts of frugality amid the material prosperity which many Americans were enjoying during the 1920s era. The last true small government President .

Ronald Reagan, originally an American actor and politician, became the 40th President of the United States serving from 1981 to 1989. His term saw a restoration of prosperity at home, with the goal of achieving “peace through strength” abroad.

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Proclamation of Thanksgiving

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Proclamation of Thanksgiving
Washington, D.C.
October 3, 1863

This is the proclamation which set the precedent for America’s national day of Thanksgiving. During his administration, President Lincoln issued many orders similar to this. For example, on November 28, 1861, he ordered government departments closed for a local day of thanksgiving.

Sarah Josepha Hale, a 74-year-old magazine editor, wrote a letter to Lincoln on September 28, 1863, urging him to have the “day of our annual Thanksgiving made a National and fixed Union Festival.” She explained, “You may have observed that, for some years past, there has been an increasing interest felt in our land to have the Thanksgiving held on the same day, in all the States; it now needs National recognition and authoritive fixation, only, to become permanently, an American custom and institution.”

Prior to this, each state scheduled its own Thanksgiving holiday at different times, mainly in New England and other Northern states. President Lincoln responded to Mrs. Hale’s request immediately, unlike several of his predecessors, who ignored her petitions altogether. In her letter to Lincoln she mentioned that she had been advocating a national thanksgiving date for 15 years as the editor of Godey’s Lady’s Book. George Washington was the first president to proclaim a day of thanksgiving, issuing his request on October 3, 1789, exactly 74 years before Lincoln’s.

The document below sets apart the last Thursday of November “as a day of Thanksgiving and Praise.” According to an April 1, 1864, letter from John Nicolay, one of President Lincoln’s secretaries, this document was written by Secretary of State William Seward, and the original was in his handwriting. On October 3, 1863, fellow Cabinet member Gideon Welles recorded in his diary how he complimented Seward on his work. A year later the manuscript was sold to benefit Union troops.

By the President of the United States of America.

A Proclamation.

The year that is drawing towards its close, has been filled with the blessings of fruitful fields and healthful skies. To these bounties, which are so constantly enjoyed that we are prone to forget the source from which they come, others have been added, which are of so extraordinary a nature, that they cannot fail to penetrate and soften even the heart which is habitually insensible to the ever watchful providence of Almighty God. In the midst of a civil war of unequaled magnitude and severity, which has sometimes seemed to foreign States to invite and to provoke their aggression, peace has been preserved with all nations, order has been maintained, the laws have been respected and obeyed, and harmony has prevailed everywhere except in the theatre of military conflict; while that theatre has been greatly contracted by the advancing armies and navies of the Union. Needful diversions of wealth and of strength from the fields of peaceful industry to the national defence, have not arrested the plough, the shuttle or the ship; the axe has enlarged the borders of our settlements, and the mines, as well of iron and coal as of the precious metals, have yielded even more abundantly than heretofore. Population has steadily increased, notwithstanding the waste that has been made in the camp, the siege and the battle-field; and the country, rejoicing in the consiousness of augmented strength and vigor, is permitted to expect continuance of years with large increase of freedom. No human counsel hath devised nor hath any mortal hand worked out these great things. They are the gracious gifts of the Most High God, who, while dealing with us in anger for our sins, hath nevertheless remembered mercy. It has seemed to me fit and proper that they should be solemnly, reverently and gratefully acknowledged as with one heart and one voice by the whole American People. I do therefore invite my fellow citizens in every part of the United States, and also those who are at sea and those who are sojourning in foreign lands, to set apart and observe the last Thursday of November next, as a day of Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the Heavens. And I recommend to them that while offering up the ascriptions justly due to Him for such singular deliverances and blessings, they do also, with humble penitence for our national perverseness and disobedience, commend to His tender care all those who have become widows, orphans, mourners or sufferers in the lamentable civil strife in which we are unavoidably engaged, and fervently implore the interposition of the Almighty Hand to heal the wounds of the nation and to restore it as soon as may be consistent with the Divine purposes to the full enjoyment of peace, harmony, tranquillity and Union.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington, this Third day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and of the Independence of the Unites States the Eighty-eighth.

By the President: Abraham Lincoln

William H. Seward,
Secretary of State