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Coldest Winter During the American Revolution

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the staff of the Ridgewood blog

Ridgewood NJ, from the Bergen County Historical Society :
As the cold weather breaks, a look back to one of the coldest winters during the Revolution, the winter of 1780.

1 February 1780. The coldest winter in human memory, something we can relate to this year, continued in Bergen County. Loyalist spies continue their detailed observations on the surrounding countryside, both to avoid surprise in New York City, and to look for opportunities for the British to strike at Washington’s isolated outposts, such as the one in Paramus…

“The Best Inteligence lately from Connecticut Says that the People of that Colony in General are much Altered since the Repulse & Defeat of the French & Rebells in Georgia, that the well affected and moderate men are treated better than formerly though they Express their sentiments with more freedom.
The french who put into New London are in a fair way of Leaving Ships & Cargoes and are generally displeased with their new Allies who fleece them without mercy.
There is a Continental Regiment at Springfield and another at Weathersfield the Militia are Chiefly at home Except a Party under a Colo. mead at Horseneck.
Thomas Ward who Returned from the Border of Morris County in the Jerseys last night, says that the Rebell Detachment wch. they give out to amount to 300 men still remain at Paramus. That from the best accounts he Could Collect they are Short of 200. That two days ago a Party from them of 24 men Came to Hackensack from whence they Patrol to Barbados neck.
He was informed the Officer Commanding at Paramus had wrote to Mr. Washington that unless Supplies were Sent to Him he must Remove not be able to Subsist their longer, he Could hear nothing from the Southward [n]or Did he hear a word of any Ships getting into New Port.

[unsigned]

New York 1st Feby. 1780

[in margin]
Mr. Washingtons army Remain at
their old Quarters”

\Source: Great Britain, Public Record Office, Colonial Office, Class 5, Volume 1110, folio 54.

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